The following committees will be simulated at SAIMUN 2017.
United Nations Organs:
- United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
Under the Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.
The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security. For SAIMUN it will be simulated with 2 delegates per country.
- Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
ECOSOC, one of the six main organs of the United Nations established by the UN Charter in 1946, is the principal body for coordination, policy review, policy dialogue and recommendations on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as for implementation of the internationally agreed development goals. ECOSOC serves as the central mechanism for the activities of the United Nations system and its specialized agencies, and supervises the subsidiary and expert bodies in the economic, social and environmental fields.
The work of the Council is guided by an issue-based approach, and there is an annual theme that accompanies each programmatic cycle, ensuring a sustained and focused discussion among multiple stakeholders. The Council’s 54 member Governments are elected by the General Assembly for overlapping three-year terms. Seats on the Council are allotted based on geographical representation with fourteen allocated to African States, eleven to Asian States, six to Eastern European States, ten to Latin American and Caribbean States, and thirteen to Western European and other States.
United Nations General Assembly Committees and Subsidiary Bodies:
- Disarmament and International Security (DISEC)
The First Committee deals with disarmament, global challenges and threats to peace that affect the international community and seeks out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime. It considers all disarmament and international security matters within the scope of the Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations; the general principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments; promotion of cooperative arrangements and measures aimed at strengthening stability through lower levels of armaments. It is the only Main Committee of the General Assembly entitled to verbatim records coverage.
- Economic and Financial (ECOFIN)
The Economic and Financial Committee (Second Committee), is chaired by His Excellency Mr. Andrej Logar of Slovenia. During this session, it will deal with issues relating to economic growth and development such as macroeconomic policy questions (including international trade, international financial system, external debt sustainability and commodities), financing for development, sustainable development, human settlements, poverty eradication, globalization and interdependence, operational activities for development, and information and communication technologies for development.
This Committee will also consider issues relating to Groups of Countries in special situations – such as the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs). It will also consider the item on permanent sovereignty of the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan over their natural resources.
- Social, Cultural and Humanitarian (SOCHUM)
This is the Third Committee of the General Assembly, and is chaired by H.E. Mr. Omar Hilale of Morocco. The General Assembly allocates to the Third Committee, agenda items relating to a range of social, humanitarian affairs and human rights issues that affect people all over the world. As in previous sessions, an important part of the work of the Committee will focus on the examination of human rights questions, including reports of the special procedures of the Human Rights Council which was established in 2006.
The Committee also discusses questions relating to the advancement of women, the protection of children, indigenous issues, the treatment of refugees, the promotion of fundamental freedoms through the elimination of racism and racial discrimination, and the right to self- determination. The Committee also addresses important social development questions such as issues related to youth, family, ageing, persons with disabilities, crime prevention, criminal justice, and international drug control.
- United Nations Human Rights Committee (UNHCR)
The United Nations Human Rights Committee concerns itself with human rights issues such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, LGBT rights, women’s rights, and rights to sanitation, housing, and security. Some of the UNHRC’s current inquiries are with regards to violations in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and Syria. The Committee can discuss both country-specific human rights abuses and consider policy implementation to better the situations of affected populations. Members hold their seat on the Committee for three years, after which an elected country from their regional group replaces them.
United Nations Programs and Funds:
- United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP)
The United Nations Environmental Program is an organization that convenes, facilitates, and provides scientific assessments, analyses, and projects in order to stimulate international policy responses. It partners with and leads major programs such as REDD+ and the GEF. The UNEP is the lead body on climate change, sustainable development, biodiversity, environmental governance, harmful substances, and resource efficiency. Perhaps most notably, the UNEP has assisted in creating guidelines and treaties on issues such as the trade of harmful chemicals, trans boundary air pollution, and contamination of international waterways.
- Crisis Committee
A Crisis Committee is a small body, with usually no more than twenty members, brought together to deal with an issue of immediate importance. While General Assemblies or Specialized Committees work to find long-term solutions to long-term problems, such as literacy, infant mortality, or economic coordination, Crisis Committees often handle short-term issues with swift and decisive measures. Crisis Committees often deal with issues like wars, revolutions, disaster control, or economic collapse.
Another key feature of a Crisis Committee is its dynamic nature. When the body passes a directive (a resolution for Crisis Committees), its effects and results are brought to the body in news articles and speakers. In other words, the topics will continue to change and evolve based on the actions the body does (or does not) take.